Health & Fitness: Fifth Grade
1. How we can control our health.
2. How poor choices and environmental insults to bodies can result in poor health and fitness.
3. Ways to protect the body from environmental hazards.
4. Understanding the role of nutrition and fitness and making healthy choices for a healthy body.
5. Understanding our internal energy and harnessing it for a positive learning environment.
6. Understanding of and tolerance toward individuals with asthma, diabetes, cancer and physical challenges.
Core Curriculum:A/B) Science Inquiry and Simulations-Experiential Inquiry
Students will review the anatomical parts and function of the circulatory, respiratory, and digestive systems. Students will learn about the risks of environmental exposure to UV radiation, and about skin cancer and prevention. Students will become familiar with their internal energy and how to manage it for optimal learning.
• Compare and contrast the structure/function of a healthy respiratory system to that of a smoker, asthmatic and COPD patient.
• Investigate risks associated with smoking, smoking’s long-term effects on the whole body, and the hazards of environmental exposure to second-hand smoke.
• Explore the environmental triggers for asthma.
• Measure lung volume at rest and after exercise and compare the lung volume of an athlete to that of the average person.
Digestive system and Nutrition
• Learn how the body breaks down food to produce energy and how different types of molecules produce different amounts of useful energy.
• Use the calorie as a unit of energy and “dissect” a healthy meal vs. a fast food meal to determine the number of calories and where they are coming from.
• Learn how to read a nutrition label and what the role of cholesterol and sodium is in their diet.
• Compare Unsaturated and trans-fatty acids vs. saturated fatty acids.
• Learn about carbohydrates and consider their consequences in diabetes.
• Learn about the value of fiber and consider the consequences of processed vs. unprocessed foods in the die.
• Investigate food contaminations due to bacteria and pesticides, their consequences, and how to avoid exposure.
Skin and UV exposure
• Learn about the largest organ in their body, their skin, and how it is their first line of immunological defense.
• Investigate electromagnetic spectrum and UV radiation.
• Explore cellular response to UV radiation, become familiar with different forms of skin cancer, and the importance of prevention to environmental exposure through clothing, sunscreens, and time dependent UV exposure.
• Measure the effectiveness of different types of fabrics and different SPF rated sunscreens on UV sensitive beads.
Understanding our Internal Energy
• Learn how to assess internal energy and strategies to help them adjust accordingly to alter their attentiveness and success in the classroom.
• Learn about the physical and mental benefits of maintaining a healthy active lifestyle.
• Assess heart rate at rest, after physical exertion, and after a period of relaxation.C) Community Ambassador
Students will have an open-ended discussion with a disabled individual. They will learn about the challenges they face as a result of their disability with emphasis on previous lessons.